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Grammar:  2.4. The Possessive Adjective

 

Table of contents

1. What is a possessive adjective?

2. Possessive adjectives

3. It’s vs. Its

4. Examples

5. Glossary

 

“If you think you can do a thing

 or think you can't do a thing,

you're right.” –Henry Ford

Unit:  1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9

 

1. What is a possessive adjective?

Possessive adjectives are used to show possession or ownership of something. While we use them when we refer to people, it is more in the sense of relationship than ownership. The possessive adjective needs to agree with the possessor and not with the thing that is possessed.  In other words, possessive adjectives don’t change with plural nouns.

 

2. Possessive adjectives

  • his = of a man, her = of a woman, its = of a thing
  • their = of plural people or things

 

I

You

He

She

It

We

You

They

my

your

his

her

its

our

your

their

mi

tu

su

su

su

nuestros/as

vuestros/as

sus

 

3. Its vs. It's

Be careful not to confuse its and it's.

Its = the possessive adjective for It

It's = a contraction of it is.

 

4. Examples

 

Pers.

Possessive

Adjective

Verb

Object

Nr.

 

Adjetivo

Posesivo

Verbo

Objeto

1.

2.

My bike

Your friends

is

are

broken.

friendly.

Singular

 

Mi moto

Tus amigos

está

son

roto.

amables.

3.

His car

Her house

Its name

is

is

is

old.

very big.

Wanda.

 

Su coche

Su casa

Su nombre

es

es

es

viejo.

muy grande.

Wanda.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

2.

3.

Our dog

Your child

Their names

is

is

are

black.

busy.

Bill and Sue.

Plural

 

Nuestro perro

Vuestro hijo

Sus nombres

es

estáis

son

negro.

ocupado.

Bill and Sue.

 

Unit:  1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    Return to top

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