Course Specials

Contact Information

United Business Languages
Pge. Santa Catalina de Sena 2, 3º A
07002 Palma de Mallorca, Spain

Mobile: +34 634 015 210

Phone: +34 871 020 292

E-mail: info@bizlanguages.com

Social Networks

Hair & Beauty

 

Pronunciation:  2.3. The Plural sound -s

 

Table of contents

1. The plural sound -s

2. Rules

3. Examples

4. Glossary

 

“If you don't know how to pronounce

a word, say it loud!" (William

Strunk) ... Why compound ignorance

with inaudibility?” ― E.B. White

Unit:  1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9

 

1. The plural sounds -s

There are 3 sounds of the Plural “s” in English:

[s]

[z]

[ɪz]

 

2. Rules

Any time a word has a sound just before the plural “s” that has NO vibration in the vocal chords; the plural “s” will continue the lack of vibration and sound like a [s].

Any time you have a sound before the plural “s” that has the vibration; the vibration will carry forward and transform the letter s into the [zsound.

There are also some sounds that require an extra syllable in order to be articulated.

     

3. Examples

I can’t even say the plural of “bridge” without adding an extra [i] sound before the plural “s”. So we add the extra syllable to say: “bridges” [bridgiz]

 

[s]

Voiceless sounds that cause the plural “s” to be pronounced as [s] include:

[p], [t], [k], [f]

weeks [wiyks]

bits [bits]

backs [bæks]

briefs [briyfs]

 

[z]

Voiced sounds that cause the plural “s” to be pronounced as [z] include:

[b], [d], [g], [l], [r], [w], [m], [n], [v], [y]

webs [webz]

beds [bedz]

bags [bægz]

bells [belz]

jars [ja:rz]

canoes [kanuwz]  (note the [uw] vowel sound ends in a [w])

straws [stowz]

limbs [limz]

fans [fænz]

doves [douvz]

delays [dileyz]

 

[iz]

The sounds that cause the plural “s” to be pronounced with an additional syllable [ɪz] include:

[tʃ] [dʒ] [s] [z]

 watches [wa:tʃɪz]

bridges [brɪ:dʒɪz]

judges [dʒʌ dʒɪz]

slices [slaiysɪz]

blazes [bleyzɪz]

 

4. Glossary

PHS = Phonemic Symbol

UC = Uppercase

LC = Lowercase

 

consonant sound = sonido consonante

vowel sound = sonido vocal

there is = hay (Sg.)

threre are = hay (Pl.)

there was = había (Sg.)

there were = había (Pl.)

 

Unit:  1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    Return to top

Versión para imprimir Versión para imprimir | Mapa del sitio
© Copyright 2015 United Business Languages - All rights reserved worldwide