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Grammar:  1.4. The Subject

 

Table of contents

1. The subject

2. The subject pronouns

3. Examples

4. Glossary

 

Competence, like truth, beauty, and

contact lenses, is in the eye of the

beholder. – Laurence J. Peter

Unit:  1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9

 

1. The subject

The subject of a sentence is a person or thing that performs the action of the verb. Most English sentences must have a subject.

2. The subject pronouns (personal pronouns)

The subject can be either a noun or pronoun. Subject pronouns are used to replace the subject (person or thing) of a verb.

 

Subject pronouns

I

You

He

She

It

We

You

They

My name

Your name

My father, Peter, the footballer, a man, ...

My mother, Sue, the secretary, a woman, ...

My cat, this book, the table, a Jacket, a thing, ...

You and I, they and I, ...

Your friends and you, ...

John and Mary, these students, his dogs, …

 

3. Examples

 

Pers.

Subject

Pronoun

Verb

Object

Nr.

 

Pronombre

Personal

Verbo

Objeto

1.

2.

I

You

eat

eat

fruit.

fruit.

Singular

 

Yo

Tu

como

comes

fruta.

fruta.

3.

He

She

It

eats

eats

eats

fruit.

fruit.

fruit.

 

Nosotros(as)

Vosotros(as)

Ellos/Ellas

comemos

coméis

comen

fruta.

fruta.

fruta.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

2.

3.

We

You

They

eat

eat

eat

fruit.

fruit.

fruit.

Plural

 

Nosotros(as)

Vosotros(as)

Ellos/Ellas

comemos

coméis

comen

fruta.

fruta.

fruta.

 

4. Glossary

S: = Subject

N: = Noun

PN: = Pronoun

 

to think = pensar

you’re right = tiene razón

thing = cosa

sentence = oración, frase

either = o

either…o = o…o, uno u otro, cualquiera de los dos

to use = usar

to replace = reemplazar, sustituir

fruit = fruta

to eat = comer 

 

Unit:  1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    Return to top

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